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参观路线一
汉昭烈庙 —— 唐碑 —— 刘备殿 —— 文臣廊 —— 诸葛殿 —— 三义庙 —— 惠陵 —— 红墙夹道 —— 三国文化陈列室
参观路线二
汉昭烈庙 —— 唐碑 —— 三国文化陈列室 —— 红墙夹道 —— 惠陵 —— 三义庙 —— 诸葛殿 —— 文臣廊 —— 刘备殿
  • Hui Mausoleum
    Located to the southwest of Jingyuan Hall, the mausoleum is comprised of screen wall, front gate, inner pathway and spirit-resting chamber, etc. On the western side of the spirit-resting chamber are the two Chinese characters for "Hui Mausoleum", a name that was established by law as the designation for the tomb of Liu Bei. The dirt mound over the mausoleum reaches 12 m tall and measures 180 m in circumference. The Hui Mausoleum is situated in the southern suburb of Chengdu and at the southernmost edge of the Shu Han palace area. According to historical records, Liu Bei and his two wives were buried inside the Hui Mausoleum, as in Madam Gan and Madam Wu, the former of which passed away before Liu Bei and the latter after. The Hui Mausoleum has more than 1,700 years of history and has been preserved in a pristine condition, having never been robbed nor excavated.
  • Red Walled Alley
    The Red Walled Alley curves around the two sides of the front gate to the Hui Mausoleum. Considered the most sentimental portion of the solemn Wuhou Shrine, the narrow slate path is lined by red walls and leads to the resting place of a wise lord that has slumbered for over 17 centuries. Beyond the red walls on either side of the passage are verdant bamboo forests, and the entire Red Walled alley is accentuated by this lush backdrop. A commercial shot by famous director Zhang Yimou was filmed on-spot here in 2003, thus exemplifying the alleyway's reputation as an ideal location for photography. Stroll along the path and say something aloud, you might hear your voice reverberating. While your words fade away, listen with your heart and soul and you might hear the walls whispering its stories to you. In such a place, even the coldest of hearts will surely be touched. This is the charm of the Red Walled Alley.
  • Sanyi Temple
    Located inside the Chengdu Wuhou Shrine complex, the Sanyi Temple was originally known as the Sanyi Memorial Hall and was constructed by Sichuan governor Zheng Jiaolin sometime during the early reign of Kangxi Emperor of Qing dynasty. During the 49th year of the reign of Qianlong Emperor of Qing (1784), the temple was destroyed in a fire started by burning incense and was rebuilt during the 52nd year of Qianlong Emperor's reign (1787), then subsequently renovated thoroughly during the 22nd year of the reign of Daoguang Emperor of Qing (1842). The structure and plaques seen today are all remains from the Daoguang period. Measuring 569 square meters in area, the temple was constructed with a mixed structure featuring five magnificent halls, but gradual decay has left just a modicum of the architecture still standing. In 1981 Sanyi Temple was announced as a Chengdu Municipal-level Cultural Relics Protection Unit, and in 1998, the complex was relocated from its original location on Tidu Street to inside the Wuhou Shrine complex. Inside the hall are statues of Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, which were modeled after descriptions from the Romance of the Three Kingdoms and noted for their youth vigor and lively vim in their characterization. The figures are clad in plain-colored garments, which are indicative of their profiles after the trio formed their legendary brotherhood inside a peach blossom garden and began their new endeavor.
  • Zhuge Liang Hall

    The Hall of Zhuge Liang is spacious and expansive. Built with a beam and frame wooden structure, the rectangular hall measures five jian ("five spaces") in length and two jia (two "structural frames") in width, amounting to an area half the size of the Liu Bei Hall. The traditional single-eave "xieshan" style hip and gable roof features an upward-bending "flying eave and curved corner" design and had been embellished with flaming orb, two dragons surrounding a pearl, and statuette of Maitreya Buddha. In front of the hall sits a Ming dynasty four-legged incense burner with phoenix and bird pattern on the body and a pair of animated mythical fortune-gathering children on the rim. At the left and right corners of the hall are respectively the bell tower and drum tower. This hall is also noted for housing a wide array of horizontal plaques, couplets hung on columns and engraved steles.

    The statue of Zhuge Liang sits inside a niche on the wall, and a plaque that reads "Jingyuan Hall" is suspended in the hall, referring to his "tranquil and visionary" sentiments. Created in the 11th year under the reign of Kangxi Emperor of Qing dynasty, or the year 1672, the statue depicts a Zhuge Liang holding his iconic feather fan, wearing a ridged head dress and clad in a crane garment, with composed demeanor and graceful posture that exude an aura fitting to an esteemed statesman. On either side of the Zhuge Liang statue are a pair of young servants, one carrying military treatises and the other a fine sword.

    Zhuge Liang, whose courtesy name is Kongming, was born in 181 in Yangdu of Langya, as in present day Yinan of Shandong Province. In 207, Liu Bei secured an audience with Zhuge Liang after three visits deep in the mountains and triumphed in compelling Zhuge Liang to emerge from seclusion to his aid. In 208, Zhuge Liang was dispatched to the eastern state of Wu and succeeded in convincing Wu leader Sun Quan to form a Sun-Liu alliance, which set the stage for a tremendous victory against Cao Cao and the Wei army at the Battle of Chibi. After Liu Bei ascended to the throne as Emperor of Shu Han, Zhuge Liang was named chancellor. In 223, on his deathbed in Baidicheng, Liu Bei delegated Zhuge Liang as regent to support his only son Liu Shan. After the young Liu Shan succeeded the crown, Zhuge Liang was awarded the title Marquis of Wu, and concurrently held the offices of both Shu Han chancellor and the governor of Yi Province. In 225, Zhuge Liang personally led an army that crossed the torrential Jinsha River in May and pacified an uprising of ethnic minority groups in the south. Beginning from 227, Zhuge Liang initiated his grand conquest of the northern state of Cao Wei in an attempt to fulfill his former lord Liu Bei's dream of restoring the Han dynasty. Unfortunately, his body had expanded beyond its limits, and in 234 he died in his army camp at Wujiangyuan on his last northbound conquest at the age of 54 due to over-exhaustion. On either side of the Zhuge Liang statue are those of his son Zhuge Zhan and grandson Zhuge Shang.

  • Civil and Military Officer Gallery

    The eastern and western galleries in front of the Liu Bei Hall stand a total of 28 statues of Shu Han civil and military officers. The passageway on the east is called the Civil Officer Gallery, with the line of 14 statues headed by Pang Tong the "Fledgling Phoenix," behind whom are Jiang Wan, Shu Han's head in military-political affairs in the post-Zhuge Liang era; Fei Yi, an expert in diplomacy and a linchpin figure in forming the Shu-Wu alliance against the state of Cao Wei; and the father and son Dong He and Dong Yun, who were a rarity in the Shu court for their audacity to propose alternatives diverging from Zhuge Liang's ideas, among others. The corridor on the west is called the Military Officer Gallery, and the regiment of 14 statues is led by the wise and brave Zhao Yun, behind whom are Ma Chao, well-known throughout the lands for this prowess on the battlefield; old general Huang Zhong, who cut down the renowned Cao Wei warrior Xiahou Yuan during the storied battle on Mount Dingjun; and Jiang Wei, who initiated multiple conquests against the state of Cao Wei after taking over from Zhuge Liang, among others. The costumes and attires of the characters are predominantly based on designs seen in Qing dynasty Chinese operas, and in front of each statue are steles that introduce the life and feats of each the respective individual.

  • Liu Bei Hall

    The Hall of Liu Bei is located at the north of the first section, together with the Civil and Military Officer Gallery on the east and west flanks, as well as the two doors on the south, forms a complete quadrangle courtyard structure. The Liu Bei Hall has a traditional single-eave "xieshan" style hip and gable roof, and the structure is seven jian (spaces) in length and four jia (structural frames) in width. Elaborate braces decorated with painted and gilt auspicious animal engravings support the front eaves.

    A horizontal plaque above the two doors read the four characters "Ming Liang Qian Gu," which was written by Sichuan governor Wu Ying from the reign of Kangxi Emperor of Qing dynasty, meaning "wise lord and ministers to be remembered for eternity".

    In the middle of the hall is a massive statue of a seated Liu Bei. The largest statue in the entire complex, the statue measures three meters in height and is gilt all over, and Liu is wearing a traditional emperor's crown and holding an imperial gui scepter. To Liu Bei's left and right are two servants, one holding an imperial jade seal and the other the shangfang baojian regal sword of state. On an altar in front of the statue is a plaque that reads Liu Bei's posthumous title "Emperor Zhaolie," which fully exhibits the hierarchy and supremacy of the lord above his subjects. Liu has fought and endeavored over the majority of his lifetime but to no avail as he could not secure his own foothold anywhere. Having lost many battles and plunged into one abyss after another, he remained steadfast to his vision and eventually obtained the assistance of Zhuge Liang, cumulating in the establishment of the Shu Han regime. Yet, not long after the founding of Shu Han, suffering a series of military defeats on a conquest against the state of Wu, Liu Bei fell ill and ultimately succumbed to his sickness at Yong'an Palace in Baidicheng at the age of 63. To the two flanks of the main hall are the east side hall and west side hall, in the former of which is a statue of Liu Bei's brethren Guan Yu in the middle, along with those of Guan's sons Guan Ping and Guan Xing, as well as his lieutenants Zhao Lei and Zhou Cang; in the latter is a statue of Liu Bei's other brethren Zhang Fei in the center, accompanied by Zhang's son Zhang Bao and grandson Zhang Zun. Other than Zhou Cang being a fictitious personality created in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, the others are all actual historical characters from the era. The spatial configuration and hierarchical placement of these three sets of statues illustrate the brotherhood between Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, as well as their relationship as lord and subjects as depicted in the classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

  • Tang Stele

    The full name of the Tang Stele is the Stele of the Memorial Hall of Zhuge the Shu Chancellor and Marquis of Wu, which was erected more than 1,200 years ago. During the 4th year of Yuanhe Era under the reign of Emperor Xianzong of Tang dynasty (809), then governor of Jiannanxichuan Wu Yuanheng led a group of 27 officials to pay homage at Wuhou Shrine. He ordered his subordinate Pei Du to compose a passage and erect a stele as a sign of respect for Zhuge Liang and to inspire future generations. After the passage was composed, the calligraphy was written by Liu Gongchuo and the words were carved by Lu Jian. Due to the excellent composition, calligraphy and engraving, the Tang Stele is often referred to as "Stele of the Three Excellences".

  • Hanzhaolie Temple
    The temple has a flush gable roof, and the interior is divided into two sections according to the central pillar. The main gate is located in the middle, above which is a big, red horizontal plaque with the four stately and golden Chinese characters for "Hanzhaolie Temple". To the left and right sides in front of the main gate are a pair of stone lion statues from the Ming dynasty that add much magnificence to the temple. A rustic and elegant screen wall sits across the central axis outside the front gate, on the sides of which are towering banyan trees that stand like a duo of imperial guards that watch over the memorial hall. 
Recommended Route OneRequires about 2hr Recommended Route TwoRequires about 3hr Recommended Route ThreeRequires about 4hr
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